What is a chemical peel?
This is a technique used to help improve the appearance of the skin especially on the face, neck and sometimes the hands. The solution is applied to the skin and eventually it causes the skin to exfoliate and sometimes to peel off more aggressively. The new skin that is visible after peeling is smoother, less wrinkled than before but also temporarily more sensitive to the sun.
There are 3 basic types of chemical peels:
- Superficial peel (also known as lunchtime peel) – a mild acid (like alpha-hydroxy) is used to penetrate the outer layer of the skin and causes gentle exfoliation. This treatment will be performed to reduce mild discoloration and to refresh rougher skin, especially on the face, neck and hands.
- Medium peel – a more potent acid like glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is applied and this is used to penetrate the outer and middle layers of the skin. These acids will remove damaged skin cells in these layers and improve age spots, fine wrinkles or lines, freckles andmore moderate skin damage or discoloration. Actinic keratosis can also be treated with these type of peels.
- Deep peels: Tricholarectic acid or phenol is appled. These are used to penetrate deeper and reach the middle layers or the skin and remove damaged cells in these layers. This treats moderate lines, age spots, freckles and sometimes superficial scars can also be treated. This will only be performed on the face and will only be done once and not too often. A dramatic improvement can be seen when doing this treatment.
Peels are used to treat the following conditions:
- Sun damaged skin
- Acne and scarring
- Ageing skin
- Fine lines and wrinkles
What are contra-indications for chemical peels?
- Active skin diseases
- Broken or cut skin
- Active Herpes Simplex 1 sores
- Use of Accutane
- Psoriasis, dermatitis, rosacea or eczema
- Using Retin-A/prescription products or products containing ascorbic acids or any acid-based products, bleaching ingredients or lightening agents in the last 48 hours.
What should I expect after having a chemical peel?
While all peels require some follow-up care, here are the few tips for the different type of peels:
- Superficial peels – require 1 to 7 days healing time. The treated area can be red initially and scaling or flakiness may be visible. The correct products should be applied until the skin is healed and daily use of sunscreen is very important after such a peel.
- Medium peels: require 7 to 14 days healing time. The treated skin may be swollen and red after wards, just initially. The swelling will be worst for the first 48 hours. Sometimes blisters may form or crusts can form and peel off in the healing time. When doing this type of peel certain homecare needs to be adhered to when washing the face and what type ointment should be applied afterwards. Antiviral medication is given to take for 10 to 14 days and sun exposure should be avoided until completely healed. Follow-up appointments are very important to monitor the progress of every individual.
- Deep peels – these require 14 to 21 days of healing time. Sometimes they bandage the treated area. The skin is soaked for about 4-6 times daily and a specific ointment is applied for the first 14 days. After 14 days a thicker moisturizer is applied and used for the next 14 days. Anti-viral medications will be taken for up to 14 days. Sun exposure should be avoided for 3-6 months. Several follow-ups are necessary to monitor individuals’ progress.
Very important: Sun-exposure and smoking must be avoided after chemical peels as they can give infections and cause scarring or other side effects.
What chemical peels do we offer at Dermology?
Fire and Ice- and Skintech Easy Phytic superficial chemical peels:
At Dermology we have achieved great results with superficial chemical peels and are able to treat skin types 1-6. Concerns that can be improved are acne, superficial acne scarring, oily skins, uneven skin tone, dark spots and overall rejuvenation. These are generally recommended for overall rejuvenation but are wonderful procedures for specific concerns like pigmentation, dark spots and uneven skin tone too. These treatments can be performed in your lunch hour brake too.
There is literally no downtime with these peels and are very convenient to get done during your lunch hour or even right before a function. Afterwards you can expect slight redness that lasts for up to about an hour. A course in generally recommended to get the best possible results for this type of treatment.
What does this chemical peel do?
It mainly treats melasma. This is a time-tested and very succesfull treatment, for all skin types and ages, at Dermology. The goal of Cosmelan is to lift hyper pigmentation and keep the pigmentation formation under control. With sun-exposure pigmentation can be stimulated again, so it is very important to protect the skin from this and to wear a very food SPF in order to protect the skin and prolong the treatments’ improvement. Deep stubborn pigmentation responds very well to this peel. It blocks the enzyme, tyrosinase that produces melanin (darker areas to develop), and therefor less hormonal pigmentation gets produced. This is performed once off only.
What does this specific treatment treat?
- Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
- Brown spots
- Skin discoloration
- Hormonal hyper-pigmentation like melasma
How does this procedure work?
A consultation should be done by one of the laser & skin care therapists in order to assess the skin and explain the procedure in full. The treatment is performed in 2 steps:
- Cosmelan Chemical Peel application – this is performed by you skincare therapist on our premises. The client is then sent home with specific homecare instructions on how and when to remove this peel and how they should proceed with products.
- Homecare is adhered to in step 2 – this is a 3 month process where the pigmentation, melasma, uneven skin tone, sun spots, dark marks will still improve and be treated at home. These 3 months include specific homecare products with instructions and regular follow-ups with your therapist.
What are the benefits of the peel?
It is not a painful procedure and does not take too long to perform. It is mainly used for hormonal pigmentation but can also be used for sun spots, hormonal pigmentation, uneven skin tone and dark marks. It is safe to perform any time of the year and our clinic will guide you through the entire process.
Who cannot do this treatment?
This cannot be done on pregnant or breastfeeding clients, as well as children under the age of 12 years old. Clients on medication such as Roaccutane may also not be able to get this treatment done.
What are the advantages of Cosmelan?
- The depigmentation treatment can be used on all types of melasma and pigmentation
- This can be done on all skin types (Fitzpatrick I-VI)
- Can be done all year round
- Fast results in as little as 2 weeks
- This treatment has a high safety margin
For more information on our chemical peels and which one you may need, book your appointment at Dermology. A full consultation will be done to assess your skin and discuss the treatment procedure as well as options for your specific needs.