What is Rosacea?

By 5 June 2017 Articles & Media


What is rosacea ??

Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that most often affects the face. Rosacea worsens with time if left untreated. Rosacea is a common skin disease but can be a very bothersome and embarrassing condition. It often begins with a tendency to blush or flush more easily than other people. It generally affects the central third of the face, especially the nose, forehead and chin.  If left untreated rosacea tends to worsen over time, therefore we always advise on Prompt and proper treatment at Dermology skin and laser clinic

Some of the common symptoms are:

Redness of the face (flushing), Rosacea may be mistaken for rosy cheeks, sunburn, or quite often, acne and has periodic ups and downs (flares and remissions).

small red pimples and fine red veins (telangiectasia’s) on the facial skin,

Rhinophyma (an enlarged, bulbous red nose)

eye problems, such as swollen, red eyelids, conjunctivitis, and rosacea keratitis.

What are the different forms of rosacea?

Rosacea can cause more than redness. There are so many signs and symptoms that rosacea has four subtypes:

  1. Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: Redness, flushing, visible blood vessels.
  2. Papulopustular rosacea: Redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts.
  3. Phymatous rosacea: Skin thickens and has a bumpy texture.
  4. Ocular rosacea: Eyes red and irritated, eyelids can be swollen, and person may have what looks like a sty.

What causes rosacea?

Light skin color – a much higher percentage of people with fair skin develop rosacea compared with other people.

The exact cause of rosacea is unknown; it’s possible a combination of factors may be responsible for the condition, although there isn’t enough evidence to say this for certain. Some of the main factors that have been suggested are outlined below.

Blood vessel abnormalities-Some experts believe abnormalities in the blood vessels of the face may be a major contributing factor for rosacea. This may explain symptoms of flushing, persistent redness and visible blood vessels.

Light skin colour – a much higher percentage of people with fair skin develop rosacea compared with other people

Genetics- Family history (inheritance, genes) – Many patients with rosacea have a close relative with the condition.

Is it accurate to say that rosacea cannot be cured, only controlled?

While rosacea cannot be cured, medical treatments are available that can control or eliminate its various signs and symptoms. … For patients with bumps and pimples, oral medication is often prescribed, and to reduce redness and flushing BBL TM light therapy is now used.

In terms of skincare ingredients – what aggravates rosacea?

For women, the biggest culprits were astringents/toners , soap , exfoliating agents , certain makeup, perfume/cologne) and hairsprays . For men flare-ups had been caused by shaving lotion; soap; perfume/cologne.  The most irritating ingredient for both men and women is alcohol followed by witch hazel, menthol, peppermint and eucalyptus.

What skincare ingredients would you recommend?

Hyaluronic acid, vitamin E , Green tea, Aloe vera

Vitamin E and green tea have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies suggest that green tea in topical treatments may also be helpful for a variety of skin conditions including rosacea, acne and eczema.

Aloe vera is a popular ingredient in skin treatments, thanks to its moisturising, anti-inflammatory and skin-healing properties.

Moisturizers containing lipids, such as ceramides, are usually well tolerated and improve the barrier that is often compromised in patients with this condition. … “In addition to ceramides, the humectants glycerin and hyaluronic acid are often added to moisturise, to hold moisture in the skin and hydrate it.

Do you have many patients suffering from this condition?

Yes we see and treat patients with Rosacea every single day at the Dermology skin and laser clinic

How does your clinic treat rosacea patients?

We treat Rosacea patients every single day at the Dermology skin and laser clinic. It is a very common condition which is best treated when the early signs of rosacea start to appear.  If you have rosacea or know of someone who has rosacea, BBL TM is such a wonderful tool to help the skin look and feel dramatically better. Dermology skin and laser clinic uses BBL TM  (Broad band) light technology to successfully reduce redness, flushing and broken capillaries.  On average, 4 treatments, spaced 2- 3 weeks apart are generally required to achieve a good result. Treatments take approximately 45 minutes.  The patient will be flushed after treatment, but can resume normal activities and go back to work the next day. For patients with bumps and pimples, oral and topical medication is often prescribed as well. Sunscreen is vital (wearing it every day can help prevent flare-ups). Corrective homecare is recommended after your initial consultation, where we educate our patients on products to help repair the skin and improve hydration.

What home care advice do you give to rosacea? For instance, stay away from alcohol and hot beverages (as I believe this makes the rosacea worse)?

In terms on skincare stay away from SOAP!!! As well as astringents/toners , perfume/cologne  near the face . Keep the skin moisturised, hydrated and make sure you apply a good quality high protection sunblock daily. In certain cases a topical medication will be prescribed. In general, look for products with mild ingredients and no added fragrance. The more ingredients in a product, the more likely it will irritate your skin. If you’re not sure about a product, ask to try a sample.

 Try to avoid exposing your skin to triggers that can aggravate Rosacea, those being:

  • Sun exposure
  • Emotional stress
  • Hot weather
  • Wind
  • Heavy exercise
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Hot baths
  • Cold weather
  • Spicy foods
  • Humidity
  • Indoor heat
  • Harsh skin-care products
  • Heated beverages
  • Certain cosmetics
  • Certain medications

Article by Cherie Cochrane- skincare specialist at Dermology skin and laser clinic.

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