Types of Pigmentation

By 22 November 2018 Articles & Media

What Type of Pigmentation do I have?

You mean there is more than one type? Yikes! Lets start with how do I get these brown discoloured marks on my face? Hyperpigmentation is caused by an excess of melanin produced in certain spots on the skin. There is good and bad news regarding hyperpigmentation. Bad news, once you have it you have it for life. The good news, we can treat it and show you how to keep your skin looking it best for as long as possible.

Common types of Pigmentation


The most common type of pigmentation is ephelides, or freckles. These develop after repeated exposure to sunlight, particularly if you have a fair complexion. They appear darker during the sunny months and fade in the winter. Heredity also influences freckling.

Solar lentigines

Also referred to as liver spots or sun spots, these are pigmented spots with a clearly defined edge. They may occur anywhere on the body and vary in colour from light brown to black. These spots are caused by UV sun exposure and the degree depends on how much UV light these melanin pigments are exposed to.


Melasma or chloasma is pigmentation that is deeper in the skin’s dermis. It appears on the face as larger brown patches with a non-distinct border. This type of pigmentation is more common in women. Though causes are unknown, it is often stimulated by hormonal increases. The condition is made worse with UV exposure, some medications, pregnancy and stress.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

This is a response to injury of the skin and can be the result of acne, burns, friction or aggressive clinical treatments. This condition often resolves with time and generally responds to topical products, although it can recur.

How do we treat pigmentation at Dermology:

You will be booked in for a consultation so your Skin Specialist can determine your type of pigmentation and discuss the best possible treatment plan.

Below are some of the treatments we do to treat your pigmentation:

Cosmelan – the Gold Standard for Hormonal Pigmentation world wide
Broad Band Light (BBL) – innovative technology used to treat pigmentation with great results.

Broad Band Light (BBL) – innovative technology used to treat pigmentation with great results.

Prescription creams – specific creams designed to treat your type of pigmentation.


Pigmentation is something we deal with on a daily basis at Dermology and we get fantastic results. Call or WhatsApp now to book in for your consultation and start changing the future of your skin now.

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