We all know how dreadful dry winter skin can be but have you considered that it might be something a little more than just dry skin – lets a detailed look at skin conditions which may flare up in winter and also how to treat Winter Skin and Rosacea.
Firstly, what is dry skin?
When we talk about a dry skin, it can mean one of two things. Either that the skin lacks water (or moisture) or it lacks oil. A Water-dry skin is commonly referred to as a dehydrated skin. This often occurs from external factors such as a hot-air or dry-air environments, saunas, and facial products which do not protect the skin from epidermal water loss. Internal factors include neglect in pure water intake. Dehydrated skin is a skin condition and may come and go. Oil-dry skin is usually associated with your overall skin type. We know this from when we say that we have an oily, dry or combination skin. An oily-dry skin occurs from lack of oil by the oil producing glands (known as sebaceous glands) in that these glands are not regularly producing enough oil. An external occurrence comes from the incorrect product usage which strips the oil from our skins. When it comes to the oil in the skin, there is a very fine line between too much and too little and it may be difficult to find the balance and to treat winter skin.
If we think about the two main seasons which affect our skins, it is winter and summer. In winter, due to the colder, drier air, our pores which open up to our oil glands constrict therefore lessening the natural oil production – creating a naturally drier skin. In summer when we have hotter more humid air, this causes the dilation of the oil pores creating a more oily skin but the heat and more harsh sun leads to evaporation of water in the skin – leading to a dehydrated skin. We treat Rosacea regularly throughout both seasons. Professional skin care is therefore important as they often incorporate specialised ingredients designed to regulate oil production as well as prevent epidermal water loss.
To compensate for the changes in climate and weather conditions and the effect such weather can have on our skins, we often recommend seasonal products to our client for example a richer (in good oils) moisturiser with additional protection factors to be used during the winter months and a lighter (higher water content) moisturiser for the winter months. This works well when we treat winter skin.
What other procedures are available at Dermology to treat winter-skin?
We have several treatment options to immediately assist with a drier, dehydrated skin:
- Chemical peels – we all know how important regular exfoliation is. Removal of excess dead skin cells assist in the regular cellular turnover of healthy cells, prevents flare-up of skin disorders and keeps the skin looking and feeling great.
- IPL Photo-Facial – for those seeking a little bit of pamper with the added benefits of a superficial chemical peel, rejuvenating laser treatment, specialised masques and massage.
Long term treatment for overall improvement in skin health and dry skin assistance:
- Profractional XC ™– A resurfacing type treatment designed for anti-aging, scar improvement, collagen production stimulation and intense healing.
Skin conditions which commonly arise in winter:
Keratosis Pilaris (KP)
Keratosis pilaris, also known as “chicken skin”, is a fairly common skin condition which appears as many small raised, red bumps on the upper arms, legs or buttocks. It is caused by a blockage of dead skin cells in a hair follicle and ingrown hair. This is a harmless skin condition and usually does not itch or have any accompanying discomfort. The drier the skin, the worse the condition may appear and therefore may flare up in the winter months. Laser hair removal and chemical peels have been proven to assist with this condition.
Eczema is the medical term used to refer to a group of skin conditions whereby the skin is irritated and inflamed. Eczema can appear as either dry or wet. In dry eczema the skin appears as dry, flaking, itchy and rash-like. In wet eczema, also known as weeping eczema, is the result of the eczema site becoming infected with blisters or pus-filled lesions. There are several causes to eczema namely auto-immune disease or hereditary. Eczema can occur on any part of the body. Medication is needed to treat this condition.
Psoriasis is a skin condition caused by the rapid reproduction of skin cells, causing an excessive build-up of skin. The area of skin affected is characterised by a scale-like appearance with inflammation and irritation. This skin also appears dry and cracked. Common areas affected include the scalp, knees and elbows. Medication is needed to treat this condition.
Less severe skin concerns include:
- Dry, flaking lips
- Dry, cracked hands and feet
For all your winter skin needs – Contact us today